Practices that show evidence of effectiveness in improving public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting, as indicated by achievement of aims consistent with the objectives of the activities, and are suitable for adaptation by other communities.

Variation in COVID-19 Hospitalizations and Deaths Across New York City Boroughs

Wadhera, R.K., Wadhera, P., Gaba, P., Figueroa, J.F., Joynt Maddox, K.E.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Neighborhood and Built Environment
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This study describes demographic characteristics and hospital bed capacities of the five New York City boroughs and evaluates whether differences in testing for COVID-19, hospitalizations, and deaths have emerged as a signal of racial, ethnic, and financial disparities. Results showed disparities among the boroughs. Bronx, with the highest proportion of racial/ethnic minorities, the most persons living in poverty, and the lowest levels of educational attainment, had higher rates of hospitalization and death from COVID-19 than the other boroughs.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Black or African American, Hispanic, Latino, or Latinx, People Experiencing Poverty

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation


Implementation Period