Practices that show evidence of effectiveness in improving public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting, as indicated by achievement of aims consistent with the objectives of the activities, and are suitable for adaptation by other communities.

Variation in COVID-19 Diagnosis by Zip Code and Race and Ethnicity in Indiana

Hanson, A.E., Hains, D.S., Schwaderer, A.L., Starr, M.C.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Neighborhood and Built Environment
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This study looked at variations in COVID-19 diagnoses by ZIP code, race, and ethnicity in Indiana. The study examines patient information from the Indiana University Health system and geolocates the patient’s ZIP codes to calculate the number of COVID-19 cases per 10,000 persons for each ZIP code. The results showed that ZIP codes with higher percentages of African Americans, Hispanics, foreign-born persons, and residents living in poverty are disproportionately affected by COVID-19.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Black or African American, Hispanic, Latino, or Latinx, Non U.S. Born Persons, People Experiencing Poverty

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period