Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and are in the process of generating evidence of effectiveness or may not yet be tested.

The risk and protective factors of heightened prenatal anxiety and depression during the COVID‑19 lockdown

Vacaru, S., Beijers, R., Browne, P. D., Cloin, M., Van Bakel, H., Van Den Heuvel, M. I., De Weerth, C.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Outreach/ Education/ Communications
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Mitigation and Prevention

Survey on the impact of COVID-19 on pregnant women that can be adapted to assessing the experiences of this population in future crises. This article discusses the findings of a survey distributed to 1,439 Dutch women who were pregnant between April 4-May 10, 2020. The survey included multiple scales, such as the COVID-19 and Perinatal Experiences scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Edinburgh Depression Scale, and compared results with a similar survey completed in 2018. The survey included 8 key domain areas, including topics like financial stress, social support, partner support, anxiety symptoms, and depressive symptoms, to name a few. Women reported higher worries related to COVID-19 in general, and also reported higher work/financial related worries. Depression and anxiety also increased, with anxiety rates increasing two-fold.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Pregnant Women/Pregnant Persons

Setting(s) of Implementation

Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period