Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

The relationship between cultural tightness-looseness and COVID-19 cases and deaths: a global analysis

Gelfand, M., Jackson, J.C., Pan, X., Nau, D., Pieper, D., Denison, E.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Education/Policy change/development
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This global analysis discusses how cultural tightness (defined as the strength of and adherence to social norms) impacts countries’ success in limiting cases of and deaths from COVID-19. Findings show that “tight” cultures which have strict norms and punishments for deviance had fewer cases and deaths as compared with loose cultures; authors recommend developing new interventions to help countries tighten their social norms.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period