Practices that show evidence of effectiveness in improving public health outcomes when implemented in multiple real-life settings, as indicated by achievement of aims consistent with the objectives of the activities.

Racial residential segregation and economic disparity jointly exacerbate COVID-19 fatality in large American cities

Yu, Q., Salvador, C.E., Melani, I., Berg, M.K., Neblett, E.W., Kitayama, S.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Policy Change/ Development
Economic Stability
Neighborhood and Built Environment
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This article examines growth rates of confirmed COVID-19 cases and mortalities over a 30-day period of the COVID-19 outbreak for each of the 100 largest U.S. cities to determine how racial residential segregation and income inequality contributed to health disparities during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data shows the growth curve for cases and mortality rates increases significantly in metropolitan areas where Black and Hispanic people are residentially segregated from White people. The article offers policy implications for making virus-resilient cities that are also health equitable.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Advancing Racial Equity

Priority Population(s)

Black or African American, Hispanic, Latino, or Latinx

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation


Implementation Period