Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in COVID-19 Related Infections, Hospitalizations, and Deaths: A Systematic Review

Mackey, K., Ayers, C.K., Kondo, K.K., Saha, S., Advani, S.M., Young, S., Hunter, S., Rusek, M., Anderson, K., Veazie, S., Smith, M., Kansagara, D.

Release Date:

Systematic Review/Meta-Analysis

Data Collection and Analysis
Healthcare Access and Quality
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This systematic review examines COVID-19 literature on infections, hospitalizations, or deaths by race and ethnicity in the United States. Results found that Black and Hispanic populations experience higher rates of COVID-19 infection and COVID-19 related mortality, but similar rates of case fatality.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Advancing Racial Equity

Priority Population(s)

Black or African American

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period