Practices that show evidence of effectiveness in improving public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting, as indicated by achievement of aims consistent with the objectives of the activities, and are suitable for adaptation by other communities.

Quantifying and Benchmarking Disparities in COVID-19 Vaccination Rates by Race and Ethnicity

Reitsma, M. B., Goldhaber-Fiebert, J. D., Salomon, J. A.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Healthcare Access and Quality
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

In this study, the authors quantify how differential vaccine uptake by race and ethnicity within each US state produced substantial vaccination coverage disparities during the initial scale-up among older adults. The authors model alternative scenarios for the period after eligibility opened to all adults, including a scenario of persistent differential uptake and scenarios that include efforts to reduce disparities by addressing access barriers, increasing vaccine confidence, and prioritizing disadvantaged geographic areas. This study investigated preliminary data surrounding telehealth usage and in-person visits for integrated primary care visits, particularly among disadvantaged communities and communities of color. The study found reduced attendance, increased internalizing concerns, and disparities in scheduling for Black patients.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period