Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

How to End the Futile Blame Game Over Failed Long COVID Research

Phillips, S., and Williams, M.

Release Date:


Organizational Change/ Development
Policy Change/ Development
Healthcare Access and Quality
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Mitigation and Prevention

The article discusses the challenges and frustrations surrounding Long COVID research in the United States. Despite substantial investments and numerous research efforts, progress in understanding and treating Long COVID has been slow and disappointing. Experts and patient advocates have criticized the research community for its focus on disease development rather than direct patient care, duplication of studies, and a lack of clinical trials. The authors propose a new hypothesis that Long COVID may be a form of post-infectious syndrome or chronic fatigue syndrome, suggesting that traditional biomedical research approaches may not yield meaningful results. Instead, they advocate for a shift towards health services research and measures that directly impact patients’ welfare, including prevention, improved prognosis, access to empathetic care, and quality of life issues. They emphasize the need for collaboration between researchers, patients, and advocacy groups to reset the research agenda effectively.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Capacity Building

Priority Population(s)


Setting(s) of Implementation

Clinical, Community

Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period