Practices that show evidence of effectiveness in improving public health outcomes when implemented in multiple real-life settings, as indicated by achievement of aims consistent with the objectives of the activities.

Historical Redlining and Resident Exposure to COVID-19: A Study of New York City

Li, M., Yuan, F.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Outreach/ Education/ Communications
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Mitigation and Prevention

This research study explored whether residents living in historically redlined neighborhoods in New York City were at a higher risk for COVID-19 infection. Data revealed that zip code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) with higher proportions of black and Hispanic residents are associated with higher rates of COVID-19 infection. They also found that historically redlined ZCTAs had higher risks for COVID-19 infections, regardless of modern day economic privilege in the area. This study reminds readers that modern day health crises like the COVID pandemic cannot be regarded in isolation from SDoH and the history of racism.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation


Implementation Period