Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

Hesitant but vaccinated: assessing COVID‑19 vaccine hesitancy among the recently vaccinated

Willis D. E., Selig J. P., Andersen J. A., Hall S., Hallgren E., Williams, M., Bryant-Moore, K., McElfish, P. A.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Healthcare Access and Quality
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This study assessed COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among recently vaccinated individuals in Arkansas between April 22 -July 6, 2021. A survey was administered during the 15-minute wait time after administration of the COVID-19 vaccine. A bivariate analysis revealed that hesitancy was not evenly distributed across sociodemographic groups (age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education) and was associated with whether a non-English language is spoken in the home, health care coverage, and receipt of flu vaccination over the past 5 years. Generalized ordered logistic regression results revealed associations between the log-ordered odds of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and age, sex, race/ethnicity, health care coverage, health literacy, and receipt of flu vaccination over the past 5 years. Surprisingly, a prior COVID-19 diagnosis was not significantly associated with COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. These results can inform health care and communication strategies. Further attention to “hesitant adopters” can provide insights into the process of overcoming vaccine hesitancy that are critical to vaccine uptake.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Setting(s) of Implementation

Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period