Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

Disparities in COVID-19 Outcomes by Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Magesh, S., John, D., Li, W.T., Li, Y., Mattingly-App, A., Jain, S., Chang, E.Y., Ongkeko, W.M.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Economic Stability
Healthcare Access and Quality
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This systematic review examines COVID-19 literature on the association of race and ethnicity with COVID-19 outcomes. It also examines the association between race, ethnicity, COVID-19 outcomes, and socioeconomic determinants. Within these studies, it is shown that African American and Hispanic individuals are most likely to test positive, while Asian Americans have the highest risk for ICU admission and mortality rates run higher in Hispanic and Asian Americans. These results demonstrate health disparities for minority groups across various factors. Socioeconomic factors additionally are associated with worse COVID-19 outcomes.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Advancing Racial Equity

Priority Population(s)

Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic, Latino, or Latinx

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period