Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

Differences in COVID-19 Risk by Race and County-Level Social Determinants of Health among Veterans

Abdel Magid, H.S., Ferguson, J.M., Van Cleve, R., Purnell, A.L., Osborne, T.F

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Economic Stability
Neighborhood and Built Environment
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This study compares Veterans Association (VA) Electronic Health Records data with county-level sociodeterminant factors to determine correlations between income inequality and COVID-19 incidence rates for veterans. Results found that female, Black, urban, low-income, and disabled veterans are more likely to test positive for COVID-19.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Black or African American

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period