Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

COVID-19, Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and chronic disease in the United States: Mapping the social injustice overlay

Arena, R., Pronk, N, P., Laddu, D., Faghy, M. A., Bond, S., Lavie, C. J.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Healthcare Access and Quality
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Mitigation and Prevention

This study passage highlights the intricate, multifaceted nature of health outcomes and focuses specifically on the complex relationships between unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, chronic diseases, and COVID-19 deaths and serious illness. The authors of this study refer to this relationship as a “”syndemic.”” This study analyzes CDC surveillance data and U.S. maps to illustrate the overlapping prevalence of COVID-19 deaths, unhealthy behaviors, and chronic diseases, notably in the southeastern region of the country. The study highlights the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on underserved communities, attributing it to social injustices. It underscores disparities in education, poverty, nutrition assistance, health insurance coverage, income inequality, and racial demographics, particularly affecting Black populations in the southeastern U.S.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period