Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

Conducting after-action reviews of the public health response to COVID-19: update

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

Release Date:

Summary Report/Recommendations

Organizational Change/ Development
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Infrastructure Support

This document provides guidance on conducting after-action reviews (AARs) of the public health response to COVID-19. It offers a methodological approach that combines interactive workshops and interviews and includes practical implementation tools. The document builds upon previous ECDC guidance and aims to support countries in designing AARs for the response to COVID-19. AARs help review actions taken during a public health event, identify best practices and areas for improvement, and contribute to continuous quality improvement in emergency preparedness and response planning. The guidance is adaptable for national and sub-national contexts and targets public health experts from EU/EEA Member States, EU candidate and potential candidate countries, and European Neighbourhood Policy countries.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Capacity Building

Priority Population(s)

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period