Practices that show evidence of effectiveness in improving public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting, as indicated by achievement of aims consistent with the objectives of the activities, and are suitable for adaptation by other communities.

Characteristics and Factors Associated With Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection, Hospitalization, and Mortality Across Race and Ethnicity

Dai, C.L., Kornilov, S.A., Roper, R.T., Cohen-Cline, H., Jade, K., Smith, B., Heath, J.R., Diaz, G., Goldman, J.D., Magis, A.T., Hadlock, J.J.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Education Access and Quality
Healthcare Access and Quality
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This study examines a cohort of patients testing for COVID-19 in a large healthcare setting spanning California, Oregon, and Washington between March 1 and December 31, 2020. to determine the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of these patients. Results found that major healthcare disparities were evident, particularly among Hispanics. Hispanic individuals tested positive at a higher rate, required excess hospitalization and mechanical ventilation, and had higher odds of in-hospital mortality despite younger ages. Targeted, culturally responsive interventions and equitable vaccine development and distribution are needed to address the increased risk of poorer COVID-19 outcomes among minority populations.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Advancing Racial Equity

Priority Population(s)

Hispanic, Latino, or Latinx

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period