Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

Change in Health-Related Socioeconomic Risk Factors and Mental Health During the Early Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A National Survey of U.S. Women

Lindau, S.T., Makelarski, J.A., Boyd, K., Doyle, K.E., Haider, S., Kumar, S., Lee, N.K., Pinkerton, E., Tobin, M., Vu, M., Wroblewski, J.E., Lengyel E.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Economic Stability
Neighborhood and Built Environment
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This article examines the relationship between changes in health-related socioeconomic risks (HRSRs) and mental health for women ages 18-90 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data was collected through a survey that asked questions about any patterns of change in HRSRs (food insecurity, housing instability, interpersonal violence, and difficulties with utilities and transportation). The results found that 40% of women had one or more prepandemic HRSRs, with an increase in HRSRs experience during the pandemic. The odds of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress symptoms are two or three times higher among women who reported at least one HRSR.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

People With a Mental Illness

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period