Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

Black/African American Communities are at highest risk of COVID-19: spatial modeling of New York City ZIP code-level testing results

DiMaggio, C., Klein, M., Berry, C., Frangos, S.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Healthcare Access and Quality
Neighborhood and Built Environment
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This study sought to assess the correlation between population and spatial characteristics of COVID-19 by examining positive COVID-19 data from New York City with ZIP Code Tabulation Areas to determine what social determinants of health increase an individual’s risk of contracting COVID-19. Results showed that neighborhoods with larger proportions of Black people, people older than 65, people with heart disease, and people living in densely populated housing are at higher risk of contracting COVID-19.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Adults Aged 65 and Older, Black or African American

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period