Practices that show potential to achieve desirable public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting and produce early results that are consistent with the objectives of the activities and thus indicate effectiveness.

Association of Human Mobility Restrictions and Race/Ethnicity-Based, Sex-Based, and Income-Based Factors With Inequities in Well-being During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States

Chakrabarti, S., Hamlet, L.C., Kaminsky, J., Subramanian, S.V.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Economic Stability
Education Access and Quality
Healthcare Access and Quality
Social and Community Context
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This study looks at survey data from the 2020 U.S. Household Pulse Survey to estimate the associations between state-specific mobility restrictions and well-being across historically excluded groups, including those groups at the intersections of race/ethnicity, sex, and income categorizations. Results found that low-income and African American populations are most likely to be affected by lockdown restrictions, including unemployment, food insufficiency, mental health problems, inaccessibility of medical care, rent or mortgage defaults, and class cancellations.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic, Latino, or Latinx, People Experiencing Poverty, People With a Mental Illness

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period