Practices that show evidence of effectiveness in improving public health outcomes in a specific real-life setting, as indicated by achievement of aims consistent with the objectives of the activities, and are suitable for adaptation by other communities.

Assessing the Impact of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Characteristics on COVID-19 Prevalence Across Seven States in the United States

Hatef, E., Chang, H.Y., Kitchen, C., Weiner, J.P., Kharrazi, H.

Release Date:

Peer Review Study

Data Collection and Analysis
Neighborhood and Built Environment
Tools Included
Outside U.S.

Data Collection and Reporting

This study assesses COVID-19 data at the neighborhood aggregation level for seven states – Arizona, Florida, Illinois, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia – to determine if there is a correlation between COVID-19 prevalence and neighborhood characteristics. The study developed an Area Deprivation Index (ADI), a composite measure to rank neighborhoods by socioeconomic characteristics, using the 2018 US Census survey. The results found that in certain states, such as Illinois and Maryland, zip codes with higher ADI scores experienced more prevalence of COVID-19 cases. The only states where this pattern was not consistent were Florida and Virginia.

Resource Details

Outcomes of Interest

Reduction of Health Disparities

Priority Population(s)

Setting(s) of Implementation


Geographic Area of Implementation

Implementation Period